leaching copper phenomena

  • Permeation & Leaching - US EPA

    Leaching can result in elevated levels of metals, organic contaminants, or asbestos in water consumed at the tap. Health effects and mitigation techniques related to leaching of lead and copper from lead service lines or plumbing materials are addressed in the Lead and Copper Rule (USEPA, 1991). Health effects associated leaching of[...]

  • The leaching and adsorption behaviour of gold ores

    This phenomenon occurs in cyanide-deficient solutions and the extent of preg-robbing is related to the cyanide consuming ability of the ore, rather than simply the ore's mineralogy.[...]

  • Bioleaching review part B: | SpringerLink

    Oct 18, 2003· Brierley JA, Brierley CL (1978) Microbial leaching of copper at ambient and elevated temperatures. In: Murr LE, Torma AE, Brierley JA (eds) Metallurgical applications of bacterial leaching and related microbiological phenomena, Academic Press, New York, pp 477–490 Google Scholar.[...]


    Heap leaching of rich-clay copper ores is becoming ordinary practice at many sites. Valuable empirical knowledge has been accumulated at Chilean plants like El Tesoro, Codelco Norte, Cerro Colorado and Minera Escondida, among others, but it is generally accepted the lack of understanding on transport phenomena driving the final[...]

  • Leaching of copper oxide with different acid solutions ...

    Oct 15, 2009· Leaching processes of metallic copper or ores containing copper in the divalent state have been the subject of many research works in recent years , , , , . However, no study was found concerning the dissolution kinetics of CuO/Al 2 O 3 catalyst in inorganic or organic acid solutions.[...]

  • Metallurgical Applications of Bacterial Leaching and ...

    Metallurgical Applications of Bacterial Leaching and Related Microbiological Phenomena is a collection of papers presented at the International Symposium on Metallurgical Applications of Bacterial Leaching and Related Microbiological Phenomena, held in New Mexico Institute of Mining & Technology, Socorro, New Mexico on August 3-5, 1977.[...]

  • Oxide Copper Leach Modeling

    Oxide Copper Leach Modeling. The modeling of the leaching of copper oxide ores has not received as much attention as sulfide heap leaching. The acid leaching of copper oxide ores generates a vertical acid concentration gradient in the ore heap, which is not generally observed in sulfide deposits.[...]

  • Investigation of Leaching Kinetics of Copper from ...

    Leaching is the first prerequisite of any hydrometallurgical process. Solutions containing ammonia may allow for selective leaching of the copper from the ore. In this study, the leaching kinetics of malachite, which is an oxidized copper ore, in ammonium nitrate solutions was examined.[...]

  • Thermodynamic Analysis of Possible Chalcopyrite ...

    above two phenomena, iron is preferentially dissolved into solutions compared to copper during the initial period of chalcopyrite leaching and a copper-rich layer is formed on the surface of the chalcopyrite particles [24–26]. A contradiction also exists on the composition and the function of the copper-rich layer.[...]

  • Bacterial leaching of ores and other materials

    Bacterial ore leaching can be applied to extract heavy metals from low grade ores, industrial wastes and other materials on an industrial scale by different procedures: dump leaching, in situ leaching, tank leaching, leaching in suspension. Sulfidic copper and uranium ores are the principle ores leached in several countries.[...]

  • Study of the copper leaching in the wet oxidation of ...

    Nov 09, 2005· The analysis of the variables affecting the leaching of copper shows that this phenomena is notably influenced by the pH. If this variable goes under a value of about 4, an increase in the leaching of copper from the catalyst surface takes place and, consequently, the concentration of copper in solution is boosted.[...]

  • Simulation technology to support base metal ore heap leaching

    For example, in the context of copper heap leaching, Wadsworth and co-workers (Braun et al., 1974; Madsen and Wadsworth, 1981) have played a major role in developing the concept of the shrinking core model (Szekely et al., 1976) to characterise the set of chemical reactions that comprise the main phenomena involved.[...]

  • Copper Leaching Method - Metallurgist & Mineral Processing ...

    Copper Leaching Costs. Extraction of copper from suitable ore by leaching methods is generally assumed to cost less than the combined expense of concentration, smelting, and refining, and experimental data tend to confirm this opinion. At the Butte-Duluth plant, which is handling in excess of 100 tons of oxidized ore daily,...[...]

  • Specifying piping materials for water infrastructure ...

    Jun 04, 2018· The composition of copper piping is much less complex, consisting of 99.9% copper and a small amount of phosphorus as the only intentional components. Therefore, studies on leaching from copper focus less on leachable substances and more on the factors contributing to corrosion and leaching.[...]

  • (PDF) Leaching of copper oxide with different acid solutions

    Leaching of copper oxide with different acid solutions. It was found that 99.95% of copper was dissolved after 14min with inorganic acids at 0.5M, 25°C and l/s=10ml/g while more drastic operation conditions were needed to reach the same dissolution efficiency with citric acid solution. Anions seem to be involved in the surface reaction.[...]

  • Leaching Phenomena of Antifouling Agents from Ships’

    Leaching Phenomena of Antifouling Agents from Ships’ Hull Paints 270 the release rate is influenced by pH, dissolved ion content and the rotation speed of test cylinder [9]. However, the leaching phenomena of antifouling agents actually occurring in the ocean are considered to[...]

  • Electrokinetic Applications in Hydrometallurgical Copper ...

    leaching, typically takes several months to complete, but may also be stretched up to decades, depending on the grade of the ore that is leached. There are many established methods available for leaching. The major ones include heap leaching, dump leaching, vat leaching and in-situ leaching. Despite the variety, most of these[...]

  • Leaching Phenomena of Antifouling Agents from Ships’ Hull ...

    equivalent to the field test, as the leaching period became long. 3. The different phenomena of leaching rate can be explained by the development of the leached layer. 4. The development of the leached layer is affected by a balance between the leaching rate …[...]

  • Bioleaching: metal solubilization by microorganisms | FEMS ...

    Tank leaching was found to be most effective for the treatment of ore concentrates and more than 80% of the total zinc was extracted from a zinc sulfide concentrate . Tank leaching is more expensive to construct and to operate than dump, heap, or in situ leaching processes.[...]

  • Minerals | Special Issue : Heap Leaching: The State-of-the-Art

    Economically-significant quantities of gold, silver, copper, and uranium are currently extracted using heap leaching technology, and the technology is being explored also for nickel, zinc, PGMs, rare earths, as well as electronic circuit boards and nitrate minerals. Design of heap leach operations ...[...]

  • Leaching: Definition & Process - Video & Lesson Transcript ...

    Leaching is a process of extracting a substance from a solid material that is dissolved in a liquid. This process is commonly referred to as extraction, particularly in the chemical industry.[...]

  • Bacterial and chemical leaching pattern on copper ores of ...

    Abstract. Thin polished sections of copper sulphide ore were placed as an energy source in stationary cultures of wild strains and Thiobacillus neapolitanus at pH 7.5. Scanning electron microscopy revealed characteristic leaching patterns that depended on the type of leaching process and time of bioleaching.[...]

  • Copper concentrate leaching - Ensayos - Felipe Guerrero

    Copper concentrate leaching. ... The mixed leaching of a Chilean copper concentrate (predominantly chalcopyrite) was studied by using sulfate-chloride aqueous solution under normal pressure at different temperatures at constant pH. ... Some possible reasons of these phenomena are the higher rates of electron transfer in chloride solutions, as ...[...]

  • Leaching Phenomena of Antifouling Agents from Ships’ Hull ...

    Consequently, titration of water with copper results in a nonlinear relationship between the concentration of copper present as free copper ion plus inorganic copper species.[...]

  • Leaching Process | LEAF | Vanderbilt University

    Leaching is the process by which constituents of a solid material are released into a contacting water phase. Although some species may be more of an environmental concern than others, the leaching process is indiscriminant such that all constituents (e.g., major or minor matrix components as well as inorganic, organic and radionuclide contaminants) are released under a common set of chemical ...[...]

  • Leaching of Zinc Oxide in Acidic Solution

    Leaching of Zinc Oxide in Acidic Solution Takashi Yoshida MS Zinc Co., Ltd., Tokyo 105-0004, Japan Leaching mechanism of zinc oxide is important not only to understand zinc smelting process but also to develop of new zinc recycling[...]

  • A Solute Transport Model for the Acid Leaching of Copper ...

    A Solute Transport Model for the Acid Leaching of Copper in Soil Columns Juan Pablo Montero,* Jose Francisco Munoz, Roberto Abeliuk, and Michel Vauclin ABSTRACT depends on a number of phenomena such as fluid dynam­ Modeling solution mining technique has recently received much ics, mass transport, mineral chemistry, and sometimes attention in order to estimate metal recovery rates.[...]

  • copper leaching plant design

    Cape Lambert Resources Limited: Kipushi Copper. Kipushi Copper-Cobalt Project Leaching Resources Limited (ASX: CFE) (Cape Lambert or the Company) is pleased to announce that an Engineering Study for a leaching plant at the Kipushi Cobalt-Copper made a decision to pursue construction of the leaching plant and appointed Minnovo in May 2018 to undertake the detailed design.[...]


    thiosulfate leaching of gold (Jiang et al, 1993a) 38 Figure 2.25 Mechanism of gold leaching in ATS system in the presence of copper ion (Ouyang, 2001) 42 Figure 2.26 The electrochemical model for the copper catalysis mechanism of leaching gold with ammoniacal thiosulfate.( Aylmore et al, 2001a) 43[...]

  • Biological, Chemical and Transport Phenomena which Control ...

    T. Vargas and C. S. Davis-Belmar, "Biological, Chemical and Transport Phenomena which Control the Rate of Copper Leaching in Heap and Dump Operations", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 825, pp. …[...]

  • The use of surfactants to aid and improve the leaching of ...

    Work was performed with surfactants developed by BASF specifically for heap leaching. Initial experimentation consisted of using flooded vats to compare copper extraction from ores. Leach solution with and without surfactant was fed to the ores. The presence of surfactants was noted to increase the overall copper recovered by approximately 2-3%.[...]

  • Permeation & Leaching - US EPA

    leaching and permeation of organic contaminants and other metals. 1.1 Permeation of Piping and Non-Metallic Joints Permeation is a physicochemical mass transfer phenomenon involving diffusion of a solute through a porous medium. The driving force for mass transfer is the presence of an activity (e.g., concentration) gradient with respect to the solute.[...]

  • Enhanced Heap Leaching – I. Insights

    globe (e.g., field experiments by Girilambone Copper Company - B. James, personal com., 1998), and implied by geophysical imaging (Uhrie, 1998). Maximizing solution contact and minimizing channeling (or preferential flow) is crucial for enhancing leaching efficiency and ore recovery. Different preferential flow phenomena are triggered, promoted,[...]